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An Overview of Commonly Prescribed Medications for ASD

06 Oct

This chart compiles some of the common and uncommon medications prescribed for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Feel free to make suggestions/additions to this list. It is a work in progress.

TRADE NAME GENERIC NAME APPROVED AGE
Stimulant Medications
Adderall amphetamine 3 and older
Adderall XR amphetamine (extended release) 6 and older
Concerta methylphenidate (long acting) 6 and older
Dexedrine dextroamphetamine 3 and older
Dextrostat dextroamphetamine 3 and older
Focalin dexmethylphenidate 6 and older
Metadate ER methylphenidate (extended release) 6 and older
Ritalin methylphenidate 6 and older
Vyvanse lisdexamfetamine 6 and older
Non-stimulant for ADHD
Tenex, Intuniv guanfacine 6 and older
Strattera atomoxetine 6 and older
Antidepressant and Anti-anxiety Medications
Anafranil clomipramine 10 and older (for OCD)
BuSpar buspirone 18 and older
Celexa (SSRI) citalopram 18 and older
Effexor venlafaxine 18 and older
Luvox (SSRI) fluvoxamine 8 and older (for OCD)
Paxil (SSRI) paroxetine 18 and older
Prozac (SSRI) fluoxetine 18 and older
Serzone (SSRI) nefazodone 18 and older
Sinequan doxepin 12 and older
Tofranil imipramine 6 and older (for bedwetting)
Wellbutrin bupropion 18 and older
Zoloft (SSRI) sertraline 6 and older (for OCD)
*Antipsychotic Medications
Abilify** (atypical) aripiprazole 6 and older
Clozaril (atypical) clozapine 18 and older
Haldol haloperidol 3 and older
Risperdal* (atypical) risperidone 18 and older
Seroquel (atypical) quetiapine 18 and older
Mellaril thioridazine 2 and older
Zyprexa (atypical) olanzapine 18 and older
Orap Pimozide 12 and older (for Tourette’s syndrome—Data for age 2 and older indicate similar safety profile)
Mood Stabilizing Medications
Cibalith-S lithium citrate 12 and older
Depakote valproic acid 2 and older (for seizures)
Eskalith lithium carbonate 12 and older
Lithobid lithium carbonate 12 and older
Tegretol carbamazepine any age (for seizures)

*The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Risperdal as autism medication to treat irritability in autistic children and adolescents. The drug can be used to treat aggression, deliberate self-injury and temper tantrums. Risperdal is considered an atypical antipsychotic drug manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. in Beerse, Belgium.

** The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Bristol-Myers Squibb Co’s and Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co’s anti-psychotic drug Abilify to treat irritability in pediatric patients with autistic disorder on November 20, 2010.

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